An introduction to the nature and various types of sharks

Fins Fin skeletons are elongated and supported with soft and unsegmented rays named ceratotrichia, filaments of elastic protein resembling the horny keratin in hair and feathers.

The white shark is a member of the class Chondrichthyes, the subclass Elasmobranchii, the order Lamniformes, the family Lamnidae and the genus Carcharodon. They generally do not live in fresh water, with a few exceptions such as the bull shark and the river shark which can swim both in seawater and freshwater.

The jaws of a large great white shark may have up to five layers. Actinopterygii - which are the ray-finned fish. Electromagnetic field receptors ampullae of Lorenzini and motion detecting canals in the head of a shark Electroreception Main article: All animal muscles produce and emit electrical signals when they work and sharks can detect these emissions.

Although they have never been observed feeding, they are believed to latch onto their prey and use their thick lips to make a seal, twisting their bodies to rip off flesh.

However, their eyes are mainly adapted to see motion and cannot resolve shapes very clearly. The viper dogfish has teeth it can point outwards to strike and capture prey that it then swallows intact.

Mammals are now the only major vertebrate group in which asexual reproduction has not been observed. The jaw-less fish evolved into 3 groups of jawed fish: The mouth measures 0. Teeth in these species are comparatively small because they are not needed for feeding. Litter sizes vary, but are generally fewer than 20 pups of which fewer still will survive to sexual maturity.

Shark tooth The teeth of tiger sharks are oblique and serrated to saw through flesh Shark teeth are embedded in the gums rather than directly affixed to the jaw, and are constantly replaced throughout life.

If the prey survives that, they try to hold it with their lower teeth while the upper tear the tissues. AnimalSake Staff Last Updated: The heat is due to the modified circulatory system associated with the red muscle in these shark species.

That said, we know that the largest shark indeed the largest fish in the seas today, the Whale Shark, is mild mannered and placid — although they too have teeth. Bony Fish Plated Skin Fish Cartilaginous Fish The first group, the plated skin fish, did not survive for long and eventually became extinct after a few years.nature of sharks Essay Examples.

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A Complete List of the Different Types of Fish

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An Introduction to the Nature of Sharks ( words, 5. Carpet Sharks derive their name from both their bottom-dwelling nature and varied coloration. Taxonomy,Carpet Sharks,Whale Shark BECOME A SHARK SAVER.

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Get social with Shark Savers. Join us on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Vimeo. There are over different types of sharks in the World. Come learn about them all in this super list of different shark breeds. This is cool stuff!

This is simply an introduction to sharks and illustrates the threats to their survival and why they are vulnerable.


More detail and some discussion on individual species will come in future articles. Sharks have two basic types of muscle, red and white.

A shark's red muscle is relatively slow-contracting and requires a rich supply of oxygen.

Great White Shark

Introduction The global shark finning industry continues to threaten the stability and health of our ocean predators, sharks play an integral role in maintaining the balance of food chains and our ocean ecosystem.!

The International Union for Conservation of Nature cites that up to 73 million sharks are killed every mainly due to shark. Science Comics: Sharks: Nature’s Perfect Hunter is a brief yet in depth exploration of sharks with topics ranging from shark biology to behavior, evolution to biodiversity, and even folklore.

The facts are woven into a story featuring a marine biologist/5(5).

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An introduction to the nature and various types of sharks
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