Existentialism and waking life essay

Since we are responsible for creating our own actions, we are responsible for creating our selves. Tao Te Ching 44 Also connected with Taoism is the I Ching, or Book of Changes, which contains a method of divining the future, and the idea that the universe is balanced between Yin and Yang, the female and male principles.

Illustrated by Joe Lee. To clarify, when one experiences someone else, and this Other person experiences the world the same world that a person experiences —only from "over there"—the world itself is constituted as objective in that it is something that is "there" as identical for both of the subjects; a person experiences the other person as experiencing the same things.

They also believed that bad karma can trap us in the senses and the physical body, and that we must seek release from a narrow view of the self as physical and individual, to enlighten our consciousness to our connection to all things. Yet it is an existentialism all the same.

They do this because they believe that "life is not the unfolding of a logical plan; one cannot argue from trustworthy premises what a life should be like or how it should be lived…meaning is created as we live our lives reflectively.

Another connection is the concept of responsibility.

Existentialism and Waking Life Essay

Even though one is part of an adamant universe, one becomes the subject of his or her own life, a unique and idiosyncratic being. Absurdism The notion of the Absurd contains the idea that there is no meaning in the world beyond what meaning we give it.

In other words, people are born with no true identity or sense of self; they construct themselves over time. Knowledge is said "to be the way a [person] comes in touch with [his or her] world, puts questions to it, transforms its component parts into signs and tools, and translates [his or her] findings in words.

A cat prowls around its edge. Mahayana Buddhism later introduced the idea of a Bodhisattva, or spiritual guide, to help us reach enlightenment.

Existentialism and Waking Life

Waking Life thus does good service not just as a sort of proto-philosophy class for the faint of heart, but also as presenting us with a triad of wake-up calls for the self and its relation to society and the world as a whole.

More systematically, the ancient writers of the Upanishads argued that there are in fact four levels of consciousness, and that the dream state is higher than that experienced in waking life though there are two higher states still. These are considered absurd since they issue from human freedom, undermining their foundation outside of themselves.

The gate to all mystery. The ultimate hero of absurdism lives without meaning and faces suicide without succumbing to it. These systems turn loose greed, hatred, envy, and insecurities Existentialism and waking life essay control us.

This could well be the Vedanta notion of Turiya, the highest state of consciousness. We return to this locale in the very last scene in the film, when Wiley floats away once again.

It is said of these states of consciousness that in the dreaming state, where one is sleeping, the shining Self, who never dreams, who is ever awake, watches by his own light the dreams woven out of past deeds and present desires.

It is in relation to the concept of the devastating awareness of meaninglessness that Albert Camus claimed that "there is only one truly serious philosophical problem, and that is suicide" in his The Myth of Sisyphus.

The existentialists critique this idea as radically underestimating our personal responsibility for our actions. The situationists see modern consumer society as a society of the spectacle where our selves are absorbed into the mass entertainments provided by film, TV, pop music, advertising, and consumer goods.

He starts by discussing a basic problem faced by medieval Christian thinkers like St. Their explorations of the contemporary urban environment led them to speculate about its "psychogeography," arguing that a revolution in everyday life required a more liveable architecture, one that encouraged desire and play.

Giacometti was once run down by a car, and he recalled falling into a lucid faint - a sudden exhilaration as he realized at last, something was happening to him.

Following this principle allows us to live in peace with nature and to find tranquillity. Our names are erased from history with the millions of others who have led similarly humdrum if not slavish lives.

Ever desiring, one sees the manifestations. For Sartre, every time we make an excuse for not doing something we desire or feel obligated to do, we are living in bad faith. The actual idea of lucid dreaming is briefly mentioned by an elderly lady seen on a television show Wiley watches briefly in Scene 18, Lucid Dreams.

There is nothing essential about his committing crimes, but he ascribes this meaning to his past.Essay on Life Value vs. Existentialism in Grendel - A main theme in John Gardner’s Grendel, is the constant competition of the ideas of meaning in life versus existentialism.

Throughout the novel, Grendel makes a steady spiritual decay to the point of denying any value or significance in life itself. Existentialism and Waking Life Essay Existentialism Existentialism is a type of philosophy that was very trendy in France after World War II as made popular by the quintessential philosopher, John Paul Sartre.

Existentialism (/ ˌ ɛ ɡ z ɪ ˈ s t ɛ n ʃ əl ɪ z əm /) is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences, shared the belief that philosophical thinking begins with the human subject—not merely the thinking subject, but the acting, feeling, living human individual.

Existentialism is a philosophy that repudiates the idea of religion or any ‘supreme’ being bringing meaning to life, and advocates the idea that individuals are instrumental in finding a purpose to life through free will, choice, and personal responsibility.

The second wake up call in Waking Life comes from existentialism, especially Jean-Paul Sartre's notions that we are condemned to be free, and that if we make excuses for our not having this freedom, we are living in bad faith. Sartre distinguished in-itself physical being, like that of rocks, which have no consciousness and thus no freedom.


For Existentialist and Phenomenological philosophy, literature, art, and discussion. Required Reading: The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy on Existentialism. Wikipedia's Existentialism Portal; Rules. Posts and top-level comments should reference existential thinkers, existential ideas, or make an original philosophical argument related to existentialism or phenomenology.

Existentialism and waking life essay
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