It resembled a proposal independently made by Moshe Dayan. As a result, Israel was totally dependent on the United States for military resupply, and particularly sensitive to anything that might endanger that relationship.
Both the Israelis and the Americans felt that the expulsion of the Soviet military observers had severely reduced the effectiveness of the Egyptian army. Sadat set forth to the Egyptian Parliament his intention of arranging an interim agreement as a step towards a settlement on 4 Februarywhich extended the terms of the ceasefire and envisaged a reopening of the Suez Canal in exchange for a partial Israeli pullback.
No formal peace proposal was made either directly or indirectly by Israel. On the other hand, the fact that the attack was launched on Yom Kippur may have helped Israel to more easily marshal reserves from their homes and synagogues because roads and communication lines were largely open, easing the mobilization and transportation of the military.
Conditions for a crossing were good, it was a fast day in Israel, and the moon on that day, 10 Ramadan, shone from sunset until midnight. War was a desperate option. Moreover, during the Black September crisis ofa near civil war had broken out between the PLO and the Jordanian government.
He had little interest in negotiation and felt the retaking of the Golan Heights would be a purely military option. Marwan informed him that a joint Syrian-Egyptian attack was imminent. The Egyptians made repeated misleading reports about lack of spare parts that made their way to the Israelis.
The Israeli Army mobilized in response to both exercises at considerable cost. The Egyptians ensured that there was a continual stream of false information regarding maintenance problems and a lack of personnel to operate the most advanced equipment.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Facing them were soldiers of the Jerusalem Brigadespread out in 16 forts along the length of the Canal. Lebanonwhich shared a border with Israel, was not expected to join the Arab war effort because of its small army and already evident instability.
The months before the war saw Sadat engage in a diplomatic offensive to try to win support for the war. We studied the technical characteristics of the Suez Canal, the ebb and the flow of the tides, the speed of the currents and their direction, hours of darkness and of moonlight, weather conditions, and related conditions in the Mediterranean and Red sea.
But it was probable that Sadat and Assad had raised the prospect of war against Israel in more general terms to feel out the likelihood of Jordan joining in. Kissinger proposed returning the Sinai Peninsula to Egyptian control and an Israeli withdrawal from all of Sinai, except for some strategic points.
He said that if supplies were not given, he would have to return to Egypt and tell the Egyptian people Moscow had abandoned them, and then relinquish power to one of his peers who would be able to deal with the Americans.
Several times duringArab forces conducted large-scale exercises that put the Israeli military on the highest level of alert, only to be recalled a few days later.
Political generals, who had in large part been responsible for the rout inwere replaced with competent ones.
These forces were to prove critical during the early days of the war. Since they had not received MiGs and Scud missiles had only arrived in Egypt from Bulgaria in late August and it would take four months to train the Egyptian ground crews, Aman predicted war with Egypt was not imminent.
A ceasefire was signed in August On the other hand, the KGB learned about the attack in advance, probably from its intelligence sources in Egypt.Yom Kippur War/October War; Part of the Arab–Israeli conflict and Cold War: Egyptian forces crossing the Suez Canal on October 7. Websources Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.
George Santayana, The Life of Reason, Volume 1, To Vietnam Veterans: "Welcome Home!".Download