Distinguish justifiable from unjustifiable assumptions: Identify significant and deep concepts: Whether you create documents from multiple sources or from original work, you should follow a discipline of understanding what you read by that I mean checking sources, and verifying currency and accuracy of information with subject matter experts.
Assume that processes and procedures are incomplete until you have tested them yourself. Likewise, any significant deficiency in writing entails a parallel deficiency in reading.
Simply stated, if you have poor reading skills, you are likely to have poor writing skills. Such a discipline would carry over into our careers where a significant proportion of our work is reading.
However, this level of reading will help you to achieve a deeper understanding of the topic if you are reading a report or product documentation, reading a book to write a book review, or reading a proposal Request for Proposal.
Reach logical inferences and conclusions: Pay attention to reasoning. If not, who can answer them? Challenge the currency and validity of the information with an aim towards deeper clarification and understanding.
By David Dick, STC Fellow David Dick My vivid memories of high school and college was the weekend homework assignments that involved reading several chapters from a textbook, and answering questions at the end of the chapter.
You might not discover the answers to all questions, but you will be better prepared to consult subject matter experts to answer some of them. Read with an open mind.
With pencil in hand, skim the contents of the document. Write key ideas and main points in the margins. If you apply these guidelines to your reading, you will notice the ease by which you gain more from what you read.
By employing critical reading and critical thinking, you gain more from what you read. Distinguish accurate and relevant information from inaccurate and irrelevant information: Critical thinking contributes to deeper understanding and challenging accepted wisdom with strong arguments, and allows for more completely developed thoughts.
Identify and think within multiple viewpoints: The following guidelines will help you to read critically. Have your questions been answered? Keep a log of your questions, ideas, findings, and comments.
Look for connections to other documents that might be helpful as resources. The following advice will help you to apply critical thinking to writing.
According to the Foundation for Critical Thinking, by enhancing critical reading and critical thinking skills, we enhance our writing skills.
If the answers are unclear—mark it. Pause from time-to-time to think about what you have read and review your notes. When you re-read the document later, you can quickly skim the text for main ideas without re-reading the entire text. Re-read the document and compare your initial findings with your new understanding.
The students who earned the best grades were the ones who thoroughly answered the questions and could discuss the material during classroom discussion. This level of reading is not practical if reading for pleasure.
Pay attention to clarity of chapter titles, headings, diagrams, graphics, and illustrations. When you see a word, acronym, sentence, and paragraph that you do not know or understand, mark it and look it up later.
If the reasons are not clear to you—mark them and look them up later. Critical thinking clarifies goals, examines assumptions, finds hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions.The first reader to tap into this opportunity, Open Questions presents a wide variety of perspectives on profound ethical issues, along with a unique method of approaching those issues based on careful listening, analytic thinking, and persuasive fresh-air-purifiers.com: $ A first-year college composition course devoted to critical thinking and writing presents an ideal opportunity for students to reflect on what goes into making such decisions, and to refine their own understanding of what constitutes ethical action.
Open Questions: Readings for Critical Thinking and Writing.
Authors. Chris Anderson, Oregon. How Critical Reading and Thinking Can Enhance Your Writing PublishedQ1 (April 04, The following advice will help you to apply critical thinking to writing.
Read with an open mind. “The International Critical Thinking Reading and Writing Test.”. We all make many ethical choices, small and large, every day. Should we give money to that homeless person?
Should we shade the truth to protect someone else's feelings? Should we endanger ourselves by chasing that purse-snatcher?
A first-year college composition course devoted to critical thinking and writing presents an ideal opportunity for students to reflect on what goes into making such.
Open Questions: Readings for Critical Thinking and Writing [Chris Anderson, Lex Runciman] on fresh-air-purifiers.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers/5(9).
NORA EPHRON, The Boston Photographs, reprinted in Chris Anderson and Lex Runciman, eds., Open Questions; Readings for Critical Thinking and Writing (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin‟s, ).Download